Health & Wellness, Kids

Dengue And Malaria In Children – Difference, Symptoms, Risks and Prevention

In general, whenever we talk about dengue fever or malaria fever, we generalise them and think of them as one disease or similar to each other. Their symptoms may appear similar, but the fever pattern is different in both of them.

A slender long-legged fly with aquatic larvae. The bite of the bloodsucking female can transmit a number of serious diseases including malaria and elephantiasis.

Difference Between Dengue Fever and Malaria Fever

The mosquito vector in dengue is Aedes and, in malaria, it is Anopheles. Malaria fever is caused by the parasite named ‘plasmodium’ whereas dengue fever is a viral infection. Malaria can be chronic while dengue cannot.

Symptoms of malaria typically occur in three stages namely, cold stage, hot stage and sweating stage wherein sudden coldness is followed by fever and sweating.

Dengue fever symptoms appear in 3–14 days (average 4–7 days) after the infective bite. Malaria fever symptoms can develop as quickly as 7 days after you’re bitten by an infected mosquito.

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Symptoms Of Dengue Fever and Malaria Fever

Dengue fever symptoms start with the sudden onset of fever that may tentatively last about seven days. The fever can go as high as 106℉ accompanied by headaches and muscle or bone pain. The fever may vanish and then appears repeatedly alongwith skin rashes.

Other dengue symptoms in children are:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • pain behind the eyes
  • loss of appetite
  • mild bleeding from nose and gums
  • pain in the eyes
  • rashes on upper and lower limbs.

Unlike dengue, the fever is of shorter duration in malaria.

The other symptoms of malaria are:

  • shivering
  • anaemia
  • joint pain
  • vomiting
  • convulsions
  • sweating

Symptoms and Treatment Of Dengue and Malaria #dengue #malaria #mosquito #babies #toddlers #children

Treatment Of Dengue and Malaria

There are antimalarial drugs available for treating malaria; on the contrary, there is no drug available for the treatment of dengue. Dengue is treated with supportive measures such as blood transfusion and replenishing fluids.

Although, the world’s first vaccine for dengue has been invented still there are high risks involved. In 2016, Philippines launched the world’s first public dengue vaccine program with the dengue vaccine Dengvaxia. Over 800,000 children have already been vaccinated.

In December 2017, the pharmaceutical company responsible for bringing out the vaccine warned that this vaccination in children who had not previously been infected by the dengue virus can lead to serious health risks. As a result, the Philippine Ministry of Health stopped the mass vaccination program for now.

Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit from the Bernhard-Nocht-Institut for Tropical Diseases states that the vaccine itself has no side effects. That means after the injection, nothing bad happens. However, if you vaccinate children who have not previously had dengue fever infections, severe hemorrhagic dengue fever can occur.

Prevention of Dengue and Malaria

5 Ways TO Prevent Mosquito Bites on babies #babies #kids #children #toddler #mosquitobite #malaria #dengueEven though it’s not possible to stay 100% protected from mosquito bites, but prevention is better than cure.

  • Use mosquito mesh, screens on doors and windows.
  • Use insect repellents in the house. For kids, use a mild repellent in the form of patches, roll-ons, sprays, lotions and gels. I put Goodknight fabric roll-on and patches on my kids’ clothes even when they are indoors.
  • Make your kids wear long-sleeved shirts and long bottoms when they go outside.
  • Avoid letting your kids stay outdoors during dawn or dusk when the mosquitos are most active.
  • Don’t let the water collect in the planters and water bowls for birds to avoid breeding of mosquitos.

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15 thoughts on “Dengue And Malaria In Children – Difference, Symptoms, Risks and Prevention

  1. This is quite a detailed, informative post. I knew they had a mosquito bite as cause, and symptoms were somewhat similar but this is quite helpful to make an initial estimate.

  2. I have diagnosed with maleria twice so I know the situation very well. Here in Kolkata, we cant even think a day without goodknight

  3. I really appreciate that you came up with this post! We usually use the words malaria and dengue without understanding much differences in between them! This was really informative!
    We have been using good knight for years now!

  4. Thanks for creating this awareness. Dengue has been quite panicky every season and we need to be aware of basic symptoms and treatment efficacies as well.

  5. very informational post with some very valid points made. I also use good knight regularly whenever I take my kids to the park. will share this with my friends.

  6. Amazing and beautiful post. Dengue and Malaria prevention is very necessary for kids. Good is best for the prevention of Malaria. Great thoughts.

  7. This is such an informative post. Thanks for sharing symptoms for these diseases..easy to distinguish between them. Better to take precautions and quick medical help than regret later.

  8. Indeed Dengue and Malaria can be become severe if ignored. No doubt precautions is better than cure. I always Use mosquito repellant for my home

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